Be Careful in Winter! Common Diseases in Children
21 Januray 2021
In the winter season, some diseases are common in adults and children, especially in children. These diseases, which are triggered both by seasonal effects and by being indoors in winter, can be listed as common cold, flu, pneumonia, tonsil infections, bronchitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and rotavirus infection. While the main cause of some of these diseases can be stated as the winter season, environmental and bodily factors can affect both the occurrence and severity of the diseases.
The Most Common Winter Diseases in Children in Winter: Cold and Flu
The most common illness in children during the winter season is the common cold. A cold is a disease that starts with a runny nose. In addition to being confused with the flu, although the symptoms are similar, flu and cold are two different diseases. The common cold is a viral infection that occurs in the upper respiratory tract. In children, the effects are usually seen as headache and sore throat, cough, fever, stuffy and runny nose, and malaise. In the case of a cold, most children become restless. In the treatment of common cold with medication, appropriate temperature should be provided for the child and nutritional supplements should be made to increase body resistance.
Plenty of Fluid Consumption is Important in Flu
Influenza is one of the most common diseases in children during the winter. The flu is caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms such as headache and joint pain, fever chills, cough, weakness and runny nose are seen in children with influenza disease. When children have the flu, treatment should be started immediately, a regular nutritious diet and plenty of fluid consumption should support the treatment. One of the most common diseases in children in winter is tonsil infection. In tonsil infection, the child has severe difficulty in swallowing and severe fever is seen. Difficulty in breathing is one of the symptoms that affects children quite a lot. Tonsil infection is caused by beta microbes and a throat culture is taken to detect this microbe, and the diagnosis is made and appropriate treatment is applied. Support should be sought when signs of tonsil infection are seen. It is not a disease that families can overcome on their own.
Vaccination is a must to prevent rotavirus infection
Rotavirus infection is a disease that affects millions of children each year. The course of the disease includes fever, diarrhea and vomiting. It is a contagious disease and it is necessary to be vaccinated before its treatment.
Pneumonia is a Serious Disease
This disease, which affects young children, spreads very quickly. Pneumonia is one of the most common diseases in children during the winter months. Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung tissue. Symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Pneumonia is a lower respiratory tract disease and is a very serious illness for children. In order to be protected from the effects of this disease, which can result in death, the child should be protected from a balanced diet and virus-related diseases such as influenza.
Attention to Bronchitis, Middle Ear Inflammation and Sinusitis
Protecting children from environmental effects in winter also protects them from bronchitis, which is bronchial inflammation. Bronchitis is a bacterial or viral disease that usually occurs after the flu. It causes fever, cough, weakness and sometimes breathing difficulties in the child. It is very important for children to take fresh air and consume plenty of fluids in bronchitis. Although otitis media is not actually a winter-specific disease in children, it is mentioned in this category because it is seen after the cold and flu in winter. The main cause of inflammation is the short Eustachian tube. The disease is caused by bacteria. It can cause fever, ear pain and hearing loss. Sinusitis is one of the most common diseases in children during the winter season. Sinusitis is a condition of infection of the sinus cavities in the head. It causes nasal congestion, fever, headache, post-nasal drip and cough.